Squalicum Creek Park once included a gravel pit, an airport, and a concrete plant. A century of development throughout the Squalicum Creek watershed resulted in poor water quality and loss of fish and wildlife habitat.
The Willow Spring project will regain high-quality fish and wildlife habitat in the Squalicum Creek watershed through the construction of the Willow Spring channel and associated wetlands along the western edge of Squalicum Creek Park. Willow Spring is an off-channel habitat that will provide a place for salmon to grow, feed, and rest during their long journey between Squalicum Creek and the ocean.
The Willow Spring channel was constructed in 2010 but was not immediately connected to Squalicum Creek because of landowner constraints. The connection between Willow Spring and Squalicum Creek will be created upon the completion of the final phase of the project in summer 2018.
2010 Channel Creation
In 2010, the City completed the first phase of the Willow Spring project by creating approximately 1,000 lineal feet of new stream for off-channel salmon rearing habitat and refuge, nearly 1/3 of an acre of new wetlands, and nearly 1.5 acres of riparian (stream-side) forest. This project added key components found in productive salmon stream habitat including meandering bends, large woody debris, pools, and riffles.
Partners that helped with planting during construction include the Bellingham Parks Volunteer Program, Nooksack Salmon Enhancement Association, Transition Whatcom, REI, and City-sponsored Washington Conservation Corps (WCC) crews.
Willow Spring site before construction (left image) and after construction of the off-channel habitat (right image).
2018 Final Phase
During the construction of the Willow Spring channel in 2010, the City was unable to connect the channel with Squalicum Creek due to BNSF Railway landowner constraints. In 2015, the City permitted the remaining project actions to improve fish access and habitat conditions but was again unable to construct the project due to continued BNSF Railway landowner constraints. The City is now in the final stages of acquiring the BNSF railroad corridor, thus eliminating landowner constraints and allowing construction of the final phase of the Willow Spring project.
In summer 2018, the City will construct the remaining elements of this project to improve fish passage between Squalicum Creek and the Willow Spring channel. Construction will include replacing an existing 12-inch culvert and artificial pond with a new open channel that will connect the existing Willow Spring channel with Squalicum Creek.
Project Manager: Analiese Burns, Habitat and Restoration Manager, Public Works Department, Natural Resources. (360) 778-7968,